1 Disar

Construction Studies Practical Coursework


Students who enjoy the book-keeping part of Junior Certificate Business should consider taking
Accounting. At Leaving Certificate level, analysis and interpretation of accounts is the core activity.
For those with strong numeracy and reasoning skills this can be a very enjoyable and successful

subject. Very useful if considering Business courses at 3rd level.

Relevant Careers: Accountancy, Actuary, Administration, Auditor, Banking, Business Studies

Teacher, Insurance, Marketing, Taxation Consultant, etc.

Agricultural Science

Agricultural science is the study of the science and technology underlying the principles and practices of agriculture. A farming background would be an advantage in studying this subject. Students will study topics such as, plant science, animal physiology, fertilisers, livestock production and tillage crops, genetics, microbiology and soil science. This course consists of a report on practical work (25%) and a terminal written paper (75%). Topics for the practical include; identification of plant and animal types associated with agriculture, practical experience with crops, livestock, house and farmyard layouts.

Relevant Careers: Agri-business, Farming, Food Production, Food Science, Horticulture, Heavy Duty Machinery Mechanics, Teaching, Teagasc.


This course is 60% practical and 40% based on Art History. The Art History course is divided in three
parts: Irish Art History, European Art History and a third section which covers an array of topics from
the history of design and film studies. Students who take Art will be required to write Art history
essays once per week. The practical coursework has in it the following modules: 1. Life Drawing
(i.e. drawing people) 2. Craft i.e. pottery, puppet making, poster design etc… and 3D Drawing and
creative visualisation. The subject may be taken at higher and ordinary levels.

Relevant Careers: Architecture, Art Teacher, Fashion Design, Graphic Design, Interior Design,
Printing, Photography, Product Design, Publishing, TV and film production etc.


Practical element of the course is important and includes 22 mandatory experiments which are
examined on the written paper. Biology is often perceived as an easier subject than Physics and

Chemistry, but this is not so, as shown by the high national failure rates, particularly at ordinary
level. Students need to be aware that due to the length of the course and detail involved, achieving

a high-grade requires a lot of work. The payoff is that most students find the material very
interesting and topical. Higher Biology is a requirement for Genetics course at UCC and Human
Health and Disease course in TCD.

Relevant Careers: Beauty Therapy, Biology Teacher, Biotechnology, Dentistry, Food Science, Genetic
Engineer, Laboratory Scientist, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Physiotherapy, Veterinary Science etc.


The subject involves learning and writing about the theory of Business. It covers a broad range of

business topics; tax, finance, insurance, industrial relations, marketing etc. A useful subject for LCVP.
It is a very interesting subject, but requires constant attention to the business pages of the quality
newspapers. The subject looks at how organisations are formed, financed and run. It also explores
the services that support businesses such as insurance, banking, transport, marketing and public
service bodies. Advisable to have this subject at Leaving Cert. level if interested in any Business

course at 3rd level.

Relevant Careers: Administration, Banking, Book-keeping, Business Studies Teacher, Insurance,

Marketing, Office Work, Sales etc


Practical element of the course is very important. 28 mandatory experiments on the course. 3 full
questions based on these experiments on the written paper in the Leaving Cert exam. Strongly
advised to take Chemistry if considering medical/health courses, as higher-level Chemistry is a
requirement for some universities in areas of medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, as
well as human nutrition and dietetics.

Relevant Careers: Chemist, Chemistry Teacher, Chemical Engineering, Dentistry, Food Science,
Laboratory Scientist, Medicine, all Paramedical Science, Pharmacy etc


This subject involves learning about how a house is built from a green field site to a finished house(a

little of everything). In leaving cert. the marks are awarded as follows: Higher level;Project 25%,
Practical 25%, Theory 50%. Ordinary level; Project 30%, Practical 30%, Theory 40%. Those that
have done Materials Technology wood for junior cert. have a definite advantage when it comes to
practical/project areas.

Relevant Careers: Apprenticeships, Architecture, Carpentry, Civil Engineering, Construction Studies
teacher, Construction Worker, Electrician, Plumbing, Quantity Surveying, Site Clerk etc.


Formerly known as Technical Drawing – New course introduced in 2007. Desirable to have studied
Technical Graphics for Junior Cert if opting for DCG. A good aptitude for problem solving/Maths and
spatial ability is an advantage. Leaving cert exam consists of 3 hour written paper (60%) and Project
work (40%) submitted on disc and hard copy to the State Examinations Commission.

Relevant Careers: Architecture, Cartographer, Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Construction
Trades, Computers, Designer, Draughtsperson Engineering Trades, Graphic Design, Quantity

Surveyor, Toolmaker etc


This subject involves learning and writing about different theories and underpin the way our

domestic and different international economies work. Economics has a mathematical slant and

contains a lot of graphic and theoretical work. The subject involves learning and writing about

Economic theory.. A good subject for the analytical student. It is desirable to have studied Business
Studies for Junior Cert if opting for Economics. There is a lot of choice on the Leaving Cert. paper, a
choice of 6 out of 9 short questions and a choice of 4 out of 8 long questions.

Relevant Careers: Accountancy, Banking, Civil Service, Insurance, Marketing, Management Research,
Planning and Stock-broking etc.


All students will be familiar with Geography as it is a core subject for Junior Cert. The Leaving Cert.
course has a strong practical element, where students have the opportunity to do a geographic
investigation, which is allocated 20% of their overall marks and is submitted by the end of April in 6th
year. The remaining 80% is awarded for the written exam in June.

Relevant Careers: Cartography, Civil Engineering, Environmental Scientist, Geology, Environmental
Scientist, Meteorologist, Mineralogy, Surveying, Tourism, Urban Planning.


All students will be familiar with History as it is a core subject for Junior Cert. New course in Leaving
Cert History introduced in 2006. Students can now secure up to 20% of the overall marks by pre-
submitting a research study report on a historical subject of their own choice. The remaining 80%
is awarded for the written examination in June. There are 4 questions on the written exam, one of
which is a documents based question.

Relevant Careers: Archaeology, Barrister, Broadcaster, Civil Service, Journalism, Museum Work,
Researcher, Politics, Sociology, Teaching.


A combination of cookery, Home Economics, some Biology and Business. A very interesting subject,
but not the easy honour that some imagine. 20% of the marks are awarded for coursework journal
completed within the normal class time and pre-submitted in October of 6th year. 80% of marks
awarded for written exam in June. The study of food science is a central part of this subject. The
course is very practical and offers students valuable life skills.

Relevant Careers: Chefs, Childcare, Dietetics, Fashion Design, Environmental Health Officer, Food
Technology, Home Economics Teacher, Hotel Management, Interior Design, Nutritionist, Tourism &


Practical element of the course is very important. In Leaving Cert exam, 50% of marks for practical
component which is examined in March/April of 6th year. The remaining 50% is awarded for the
written exam. Students have a wide choice for the practical component as they are free to choose
their own program for it. Students who take Music for the Junior Cert have a major advantage.

Relevant Careers: Arts Administration, Composing, Event & Arts Management, Music Publishing,
Performance Arts, Sound Engineering, Theatre, Teaching, etc


Practical element of the course is very important. 24 mandatory experiments on the course. 30%
of written exam based on these experiments. A good aptitude for problem solving and Maths is
advisable if considering Physics. It develops students’ understanding of many of the ordinary things
that surround us such as heat, light, electricity and magnetism.

Relevant Careers: Architecture, Astronomy, Electronic/Electrical Engineering, Electrician, Geologist,
Information Technology, Lab Technician, Meteorologist, Physicist, Physiotherapy, Radiography etc

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Ты уверен, что его никто не купил. - Да вы все спятили. Это за четыреста-то баксов. Я сказал ей, что даю пятьдесят, но она хотела. Ей надо было выкупить билет на самолет - если найдется свободное место перед вылетом.

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