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Indias Performance In Olympics 2012 Essay Help

Why the performance of India is so poor in Olympics?

February 10, 2014

by Ramandeep Kaur

In spite of being the 2nd most populous country in the world, India is not able to produce quality players and our nation’s performance in Olympics is always poor. Don’t you think that winning medals in Olympics or in any other competition should be a national priority? Winning medals definitely add to the value and improves the image of India at global level.

India has been taking part in Olympics since 1990 but won just 22 medals. On the other hand the US has won 37 medals in just one Olympics and more than 2500 since 1990. What a huge difference! This win of India makes just 1 medal per 383 million Indians. India is at 55th place in the list of winning the medals. Even the countries like Kenya and North Korea perform better than India. China on the other hand is the most populous country in the world and still manages to win medals in Olympics because its population is well-educated, lives a high quality life, and effectively participate in games.

In 2012 Summer Olympics, 83 Indian players participated in the games and won six medals. Since beginning hockey had been the main game of India in Olympics, but with time its glory also started to fade. India won 11 medals in hockey between 1928 and 1980. After this Indian hockey team never won any medal. In 2008 Abhinav Bindra won the first ever individual gold medal at Summer Olympics in an air rifle event.

Though India has one of the finest Cricket and Hockey teams in the world but winning Olympics medals seems such a daunting task for our nation. To improve this we have to work towards the quality of life and develop more interest in sports.

Parents do not encourage their kids to play like they do for studies. Sachin Tendulkar is such a great player not only because Cricket was his passion but everybody around him also encouraged him to play. His coach used to take him to different fields across Mumbai for practice. Encouragement is a fundamental key to success.

It has been noticed that parents and kids are often interested in playing just renowned games but not athletics. Parents do not see bright future in such games. In America, if an amateur gymnast spends time on chasing her dreams to win medal in Olympics and does succeed then also she will be able to live a quality life. But on the other hand if same thing happens in India then forget about a dream life you may have to struggle a lot to live even a middle class life style. You have to struggle all your life to survive. This picture of insecurity does not let the players to flourish and fulfill their dreams.

Poverty is widespread in India. Because of poverty such a massive population cannot produce good sportspersons. For many families time goes into thinking about daily meals and whether they will get that or not.

Poor infrastructure and governance are playing their own role in this. Lack of facilities at grass root level is another problem. If an athlete belongs to a village then there is no way to practice and move forward. Poor transportation and many such hurdles break the enthusiasm of players. Experts believe that lack of social mobility and poor infrastructure are also the reasons for India’s poor performance in Olympics.

Kenya and Ethiopia which are the poorest countries in the world and do not have enough food, produce the best and the strongest athletes. We must learn how do they do this?

Corruption and not willing to do anything in sports are other major reasons for the poor performance in Olympics.

But parents and teachers must identify their child’s inclination towards sports and ability to perform well. Students should be encouraged to take active part in sports along with studies. Sports facilities must be made available in cities as well as villages. There should be more parks and open spaces for children to play. More and more sport competitions should be held at school levels. Government should provide funds to train budding sportspersons. There should not be any discrimination, reservation and biased opinion while selecting the sportsperson for Olympics or other such events. Every sport in India must be encouraged like Cricket so that players can play with full enthusiasm.

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India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals- both silver- in athletics. The nation first sent a team to the Summer Olympic Games in 1920, and has participated in every Summer Games since then. India has also competed at several Winter Olympic Games beginning in 1964. Indian athletes have won a total of 28 medals so far, all at the Summer Games. For a period of time, India national field hockey team was dominant in Olympic competition, winning eleven medals in twelve Olympics between 1920 and 1980. The run included 8 gold medals total and six successive gold medals from 1928–1956

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

India sent its first athlete to the Summer Olympics for the 1900 Games, but an Indian national team did not compete at the Summer Olympics until 1920. Ahead of the 1920 Games, Sir Dorabji Tata and Governor of Bombay George Lloyd helped India secure representation at the International Olympic Council, enabling it to participate in the Games (see India at the 1920 Olympic Games). India then sent a team to the 1920 Olympics, comprising four athletes, two wrestlers, and managers Sohrab Bhoot and A. H. A. Fyzee. The Indian Olympic movement was then established during the 1920s: some founders of this movement were Dorabji Tata, A.G. Noehren (Madras College of Physical Education), H.C. Buck (Madras College of Physical Education), Moinul Haq (Bihar sports associations), S. Bhoot (Bombay Olympic Association), A.S. Bhagwat (Deccan Gymkhana), and Guru Dutt Sondhi (Punjab Olympic Association); Lt.Col H.L.O. Garrett (from the Government College Lahore and Punjab Olympic Association) and Sagnik Poddar (of St. Stephen's School) helped organise some early national games; and prominent patrons included Maharajas and royal princes Bhupinder Singh of Patiala, Ranjitsinhji of Nawanagar, the Maharaja of Kapurthala, and the Maharaja of Burdwan.

In 1923, a provisional All India Olympic Committee was formed, and in February 1924, the All India Olympic Games (that later became the National Games of India) were held to select a team for the Paris Summer Olympics. The Indian delegation at the Paris Olympics comprised seven athletes, seven tennis players and team manager Harry Buck.

In 1927, the provisional Indian Olympic Committee formally became the Indian Olympic Association (IOA); its main tasks were to promote the development of sports in India, choose host cities for the national games, and send teams selected from the national games to the Summer Olympics. Thus, at the 1928 national games, it selected seven athletes to represent India at the next Summer Olympics, with Sondhi as manager. By this time, the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) had also been established and it sent a hockey team to the Summer Olympics. The national hockey team and additional sportspersons were similarly sent to the 1932 Games (four athletes and one swimmer) and 1936 (four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter), along with three officials headed by team manager Sondhi.

From 1948 onward, because of the IOA's wider outreach, India began sending delegations of over 50 sportspersons representing several sport, each selected by its sports federation, to the Summer Olympics. The delegation was headed by a chef-de-mission.

Thus, India's Summer Olympic delegation in the early Olympic Games was as follows:

  • 1900: One athlete
  • 1920: 6 competitors (four athletes, two wrestlers) and managers Bhoot and Fyzee
  • 1924: 14 competitors (seven athletes, seven tennis players) and manager Harry Crowe Buck
  • 1928: 21 competitors (seven athletes and a hockey team of 14) and manager G D Sondhi
  • 1932: 20 competitors (four athletes, one swimmer, and a hockey team of 15) and three officials headed by manager G D Sondhi
  • 1936: 27 competitors (four athletes, three wrestlers, one Burmese weight-lifter, and a hockey team of 19) and three officials including manager G D Sondhi
  • 1948: 79 competitors and a few officials headed by chef-de-mission Moin ul Haq
  • 1952: 64 competitors and some officials headed by chef-de-mission Moin ul Haq

Recent history[edit]

At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Abhinav Bindra won gold in the Men's 10 metre air rifle event becoming the first Indian to win an individual gold medal at the Olympic Games. Vijender Singh got the country's first medal in boxing with his bronze medal in Middleweight category.

The 2012 Summer Olympics saw an 83-member Indian contingent participating in the games and setting a new best for the country with a total of six medals. Wrestler Sushil Kumar became the first Indian with multiple individual Olympic medals (bronze at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and silver at the 2012 Summer Olympics) since Norman Pritchard in 1900. Saina Nehwal won bronze medal in badminton in Women's singles getting the country's first Olympic medal in badminton. Pugilist Mary Kom became the first Indian woman to win a medal in boxing with her bronze medal finish in Women's flyweight category.

At the 2016 Summer Olympics, a record number of 118 athletes competed. Sakshi Malik became the first Indian woman wrestler to win an Olympic medal with her bronze medal finish in Women's freestyle 58 kg category. Shuttler P. V. Sindhu became the first Indian woman to win a silver medal in Olympics and also the youngest Indian Olympic medallist.

List of competitors[edit]

This list provides a comparative compendium of all the participants/competitors of India in the summer Olympic games.

GamesSportsMenWomenTotalChange01 ! Gold02 ! Silver03 ! BronzeTotalChange
19001101NA0202NA
19202606+50000−2
1924213215+800000
1928221021+71001+1
1932330030+910010
19363–427027−310010
19481079079+5210010
19521160464−151012+1
1956858159−51001−1
1960645045−1401010
1964852153+810010
1968525025−2800110
1972740141+1600110
1976220020−210000−1
19801581876+561001+1
198448−280000−1
1988746−200000
1992553+700000
19961344449−40011+1
2000765+1600110
200414482573+801010
200812312556−171023+2
201213602383+270246+3
2016156654118+350112−4

This list provides a comparative compendium of all the participants/competitors of India in the winter Olympic games.

GamesSportsMenWomenTotalChange01 ! Gold02 ! Silver03 ! BronzeTotalChange
19641101NA0000NA
19681101000000
19881213+200000
19921202−100000
19981101−100000
20021101000000
20063314+300000
20103303−100000
20143303000000
20182202−100000

Medal tables[edit]

See also: All-time Olympic Games medal count

  • Red colour indicates the best performance.

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

Medals by sport[edit]

  Leading in that Sport

List of medalists[edit]

The Indian Hockey team at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, later going on to defeat Germany 8–1 in the final
Indian Olympic delegation 1920

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